Health establishment is the place where patients are examined, treated and taken care of, including general hospital, special hospital; medical center in districts with function of medical checks up and treatment; Sanatoriums and rehabilitation hospital, policlinics, medical service unit in communes, precincts, town(generally referred to grassroots-level health unit), medical service unit in offices, enterprises and other health units (such as tuberculosis, dermatology and optical test units, leprosy treatment center, and antenatal clinic…).
Patient bed is used for patients during their treatment at the health establishments excluding beds for persons on duty, and beds in the examining and waiting rooms.
Health staff includes medical and pharmaceutical staffs who are currently working in health establishments (including public and private health) and obtained health qualifications for at least three-month training, including doctors, physicians, nurses, midwives, pharmacists, druggists and technicians.
Under-five-malnutrition rate by level of malnutrition
- Children of weight-for-age malnutrition: under-5-year children have weight-for-age less than minus 2 standard deviation (-2SD) of the median weight of World Health Organization (WHO) reference population.
|Rate of under-5-year children of weight for-age malnutrition (%)||=||Number of under-5-year children ofweight-for-age malnutrition
|Number of weighted under-5-year children|
- Children of height-for-age malnutrition: under-5-year children have height-for-age less than minus 2 standard deviation (-2SD) of the median height of WHO reference population
|Rate of under-5-year children of height-for-age malnutrition (%)||=||Number of under-5-year children of height-for-age malnutrition
|Number of measured under-5-year children|
- Children of weight-for-height malnutrition: under-5-year children have weight-for-height less than minus 2 standard deviation (-2SD) of the median weight of WHO reference population
|Rate of under-5-year
children of weight-for-height malnutrition (%)
|=||Number of under-5-year children of weight-for-height malnutrition
|Number of weighted and measured under-5-year children|
The reference population of the WHO is a group of children whose health, weight and height develop normally. The weight and height of such children are used as a benchmark to assess the nutritional status of children at the same age.
Number of people infected and died of HIV/AIDS: HIV infected people are those who are detected by health offices to be infected with a virus that causes immune deficiency (HIV). AIDS is an immune deficiency syndrome in the final stage of HIV infection in human body. People died of AIDS are those who die as the result of AIDS. People who are infected with HIV/AIDS often get disease simultaneously and die of differently serious diseases, which are recorded as deaths of AIDS.